Adam Skwarczyński 1886-1934

He was born on 3 December 1886 in Wierzchnia in Galicia. Already in his early youth, he became involved in the independence movement – he was active in the Union of Active Struggle, the Polish Socialist Party and the Riflemen’s Association. He published his first important writings in the Promień [“Ray”] organ of the socialist youth, a magazine published from 1899 to 1912 in Lviv, and from 1909 strongly influenced by Józef Piłsudski and his collaborators. Skwarczyński was one of its editors; in 1912, he also began to contribute to another socialist and independence-minded periodical Przedświt [“The Dawn”] In 1914, he joined the First Brigade of Polish Legions and started to cooperate with the Supreme National Committee. In 1916, he became member of the Headquarters of the Polish Military Organisation. He co-founded the Polish Independence Organisation in Lviv and the Rząd i wojsko [“Government and the Army”] magazine. From 1920, he edited the Gazeta Polska [“Polish Gazette”] newspaper and also initiated the creation of the Naród [“Nation”] daily (1920) and of the Droga [“Road”] magazine (1922), which was one of the most important periodicals connected with the Piłsudski movement. After the May Coup, he started working as the head of the social department for the Civil Chancellery of the President of the Republic of Poland. He conducted education and propaganda activities among youth: among others, he co-founded the Youth Forge and Vanguard organisations. He also contributed to the establishment of the Association of Rural Regional Universities and of the Central Committee for Rural Youth. He died in Warsaw on 2 April 1934. Most important works: Cele wojny na wschodzie [“Objectives of the war in the East”] (1920), Pod znakiem odpowiedzialności i pracy [“Guided by Responsibility and Work”] (1933), Myśli o nowej Polsce [“Thinking of new Poland”] (1933).


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